The climate of kerala changes to some extent with the season and thus, it is essential to know the weather of Kerala while choosing the best time to visit Kerala. Even in the years of normal rainfall, summer water scarcity problems are severe in the midland and highland regions. In eastern Kerala, a drier tropical wet and dry climate prevails. Find the best time to go to Kovalam (Kerala). Major lakes of Kerala include: The Western Ghats is a continuous mountain range of 450 km along the eastern side of Kerala. Kerala is prone to several natural hazards, the most common of them being landslides, flooding, lightning, drought, coastal erosion, earthquakes, Tsunami, wind fall and epidemics. Kerala – ‘God’s Own Country’ or the ‘Spice Garden of India’; is undoubtedly one of the most stunning tourist destinations in the country! The best time of year to visit Kovalam in India Here are Certain peaks may reach to 2500 m. Just west of the mountains lie the midland plains, comprising a swathe of land running along central Kerala. Kerala, with a population of over 3.3 crore, is globally recognised for its impressive achievements in human development. [5] The highlands of the region experience an annual average rainfall as high as 500 cm from the South-West, North-East and Pre-Monsoon showers. The most important of Kerala's forty-four rivers include the Periyar (244 km in length), the Bharathapuzha (209 km), the Pamba River (176 km),the chaliyar river(169) the Chalakudy Puzha(144 km), the Kadalundipuzha (130 km), and the Achancoil (128 km). They are called 'Urul Pottall' in the local vernacular. The topography consists of a hot and wet coastal plain gradually rising in elevation to the high hills and mountains of the Western Ghats. Jose AI, Paulose S, Prameela P & Bonny BP (eds), 2002, Package of Practices Recommendations: Crops, Kerala Agricultural University, Chacko T & Renuka G, 2002, Temperature mapping, thermal diffusivity and subsoil heat flux at Kariavattom of Kerala, Proc Indian Acad Sci (Earth Planet Sci), Yesodharan EP, Kokkal K & Harinarayanan P (eds), 2007, State of Environment Report of Kerala 2007 – Volume II: Natural Hazards, Kerala State Council for Science, Technology and Environment, Government of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram, India, Kuriakose SL, Sankar G & Muraleedharan C, 2009a, History of landslide susceptibility and a chorology of landslide prone areas in the Western Ghats of Kerala, India, Environmental Geology, 57(7), 1153–1568, Kuriakose SL, Jetten VG, van Westen CJ, Sankar G & van Beek LPH, 2008, Pore Water Pressure as a Trigger of Shallow Landslides in the Western Ghats of Kerala, India: Some Preliminary Observations from an Experimental Catchment, Physical Geography 29(4) 374–386. Soman (1988) reported that over major part of the Kerala State, extreme as well as these where the rainfall is more compared to other areas. The wildest lands are covered with dense forests, while other regions lie under tea and coffee plantations (established mainly in the 19th and 20th centuries) or other forms of cultivation. The Kerala Backwaters region is a particularly well-recognized feature of Kerala; it is an interconnected system of brackish water lakes and river estuaries that lies inland from the coast and runs virtually the length of the state. Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in Kerala for next month - February. As seen in the majority of drought incidents, even a 20% fall in the northeast monsoon, can make the water scarcity situation worse during the summer. Kerala has a tropical climate, so be prepared for typical humid weather conditions. Kerala’s ecosystem is a closed and fragile one. Climate in Kerala in december Climate in Thiruvananthapuram in december In the month of december, maximum temperature is 88°F and minimum temperature is 81°F (for an average temperature of 85°F). The South West monsoon starts from May-June and continues up to July-August. These facilitate inland travel throughout a region roughly bounded by Thiruvananthapuram in the south and Vatakara (which lies some 450 km to the north). Immediately after the tsunami, several organizations have carried out field surveys in many affected areas along the coast.[4]. Tel: +91-7838052199 Located near the Tropic of Cancer, most of Kerala has a hot and humid climate with a more than average rainfall as compared to other provinces of India. Depending on your cravings, you can plan a Kerala tour during different seasons of the year! In the lowest lands, the midlands region hosts paddy fields; meanwhile, elevated lands slopes play host to groves of rubber and fruit trees in addition to other crops such as black pepper, tapioca, and others. The annual average of rainfall is higher than in most of India, so it would also be wise to expect the occasional shower. [8], Although the Kerala state does not experience floods as severe as in the Indo-Gangetic plains, incidence of floods in the State is becoming more frequent and severe. Meanwhile, its extreme eastern fringes experience a drier tropical wet and dry climate. As it is near the equator, the Kerala weather should technically be much hotter than it … The comparative water-richness of the coastal belt can be partly gauged by the fact that Kuttanad, with its backwaters canals and rivers, itself comprises more than 20% of India's waterways by length. As the season arrives by the mid of March, temperature in the state starts rising and continues till the end of May. The hilly areas experience cold climate whereas the plains and coastal areas have a warm climate. →  Land transportation network (e.g., roads). Visiting this piece of paradise along the Malabar Coast offers a mixed of experiences to the visitors seasons throughout the year. Average monthly Rainfall, Sunshine, Temperatures. All except 1 of the 14 districts in the state are prone to landslides. A review of ancient documents, investigation reports and news paper reports indicates a lesser rate of slope instability in the past; 29 major landslide events that occurred in the recent past was identified through the review. The emission rate of CO2 and other greenhouse gases in the state is comparatively low. The temperature in Kerala normally ranges from 28° to 32° C (82° to 90° F) on the plains but drops to about 20° C (68° F) in the highlands. Though summer is not the befitting season for Kerala tourism, it has its own charm and appeal! The wettest month is June with an average of 341mm of rain. Higher population density and vegetation density result in more casualties. Kerala is situated close to the equator and as a consequence, enjoys a tropical climate. Winter season in Kerala witnesses the lowest amount of rainfall. Located at the extreme southern tip of the Indian subcontinent, Kerala lies near the center of the Indian tectonic plate (the Indian Plate); as such most of the state (notwithstanding isolated regions) is subject to comparatively little seismic or volcanic activity. Bestowed with the alluring charm of the backwaters, the fascinating beauty of the rolling hills, the flavoursome aroma of indigenous spices, the never-ending network of canals, and gorgeous destinations, this prismatic holiday destination is a year-round destination. Kuriakose SL, van Beek LPH & van Westen CJ, 2009b, Parameterizing a physically based shallow landslide model in a data poor region, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Kerala&oldid=995969741, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Climate Resilient Kerala Stakeholder recommendations for Kerala SAPCC, 2017 4 3. Monsoon season in Kerala comes twice a year. Although the deviation in the annual rainfall received in Kerala, in any year from the long term average is very small, there is considerable variation in the rainfall availability during the different seasons. A very recent study indicates that the additional cohesion provided by vegetation roots in soil is an important contributor to slope stability in the scarp faces of the Western Ghats of Kerala. Average monthly Rainfall, Sunshine, Temperatures. Find the best time to go to Cochin (Kerala). for next month - February. Climate and average weather for Kovalam (Kerala), India displayed in graphs. Kerala Climate Kerala has three different climates and is dominated by Am. [4], The Kerala coast was significantly affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Thus, for better planning of the drought management measures, the term drought with reference to plantation crops should be redefined based on rainfall received or available soil moisture during summer months instead of total monsoon rainfall. Temperatures stay fairly consistent throughout the year, with average maximum highs between 29°C and 33°C and minimum lows ranging between 23°C and 25°C. The cause of heavy rainfall over Kerala and Lakshadweep is the depression over Maldives-Comorin, which was located 220 kilometres west-southwest of Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala … [7] The initiation of most of the landslides were in typical hollows generally having degraded natural vegetation. It is in this season of the year; from June to the month of August, the entire of the state receives the maximum rainfall accompanied by thunderstorms, and turns into a livelier abode! About 176 people were killed and 1600 injured in the coastal belt. The human interventions contributing to flood problems are predominantly in the form of reclamation of wetlands and water bodies, change in landuse pattern, construction of dense networks of roads, establishment of more and more settlements, deforestation in the upper catchments etc. Climate data and weather averages in Kochi Sign in Home Home Page Newsletter About Us Contact Us Site Map Our Articles Account/Settings World Clock Main … The severe impact of the hazard on the state and its people is seen from the very high average casualty rates of 71 deaths, 112 injuries and 188 accidents per annum. The climate guide for Munnar, Kerala shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Geologically, pre-Cambrian and Pleistocene formations comprise the bulk of Kerala's terrain. [168]: [169] Being located in the coastal areas of the Arabian Sea, God’s Own Country enjoys a wet and maritime tropical climate that makes it for a pleasant and lively experience of the visitors. Kerala experiences a moderate climate throughout the year. The climate of Kerala is generally a humid equatorial tropical climate. Undergraduate and Masters level education is offered in the Universities of Kerala. The Western Ghats rises on average to 1500 m elevation above sea level. For the nature lovers, adventure freaks, leisure seekers, occasional vacationers, and other classes of tourists, monsoons are the best time to plan a Kerala trip. [4], Kerala is a place of high lightning incidence compared to most of the other parts in India because of its weather patterns and the location of the Western Ghats. E-mail: info@ekeralatourism.net. These regions are the eastern highlands with their cool and rugged mountainous air, the central midlands with its rolling hills and the coastal plains which are otherwise known as the western lowlands.. Weather in Kochi, Kerala, India Time/General Weather Weather Today/Tomorrow Hour-by-Hour Forecast 14 Day Forecast Yesterday/Past Weather Climate (Averages) Time Zone DST … The climate is very warm in that area in january. Climate in Kerala in january Climate in Thiruvananthapuram in january In january, the mean temperature in Thiruvananthapuram is 86°F (maximum temperature is 94°F and minimum temperature is 81°F). With a height of 8841 feet (2,695 metres), Anamudi is the highest peak in India outside Himalayas.Anamudi is located in Idukki district in Kerala. 47'.40" N and east longitudes 74°.27'.47" E and 77°.37'.12" E.[2] Kerala's climate is mainly wet and maritime tropical,[3] heavily influenced by the seasonal heavy rains brought up by the monsoon. During this period, God’s Own Country also receives trivial rainfall that makes the ambience hot and equally humid for the outsiders. Research in Geography is carried out in a variety of organizations like Department of Geography, University College, National Centre for Earth Sciences Studies, Kannur University etc. Here, the Western Ghats form a wall of mountains penetrated near Palakkad; here, a natural mountain pass known as the Palakkad Gap breaks through to access inner India. 41 of them flow westward and 3 eastward. The increase in population and subsequent expansion in irrigated agriculture, and industrial growth necessitated the exploitation of more water resources. It forms almost an unbroken wall guarding the eastern frontier and helps the people of Kerala to lead a sheltered life of their own through the centuries. Compared to the winters, summers in Kerala are short lived! Our Tour Experts will customize the plan based upon your requirements & will email the tour quote with 2-3 different hotel options. Realised changes in the climate over Kerala Studying long-term changes and associated extreme hydrological events over a small region like Kerala, a southern peninsular Indian State, is challenging because of the large heterogeneity in the complex terrain bounded by the Arabian Sea on the west and the Western Ghats on the east. The changes in rainfall pattern may have association with the environmental modifications due to human interventions on the natural ecosystems. Kerala gets rain from two monsoons, the south west and the north east. Owing to the downfall in the mercury level, winters in Kerala proves to be the ideal season to embark on sightseeing tours, visit the hill stations, enjoy the beaches, and have a tryst with the silent backwaters! About 95 percent of annual rainfall is confined to a six-month monsoon period between June and November, leaving the remaining six months as practically dry. [6] The processes leading to landslides were accelerated by anthropogenic disturbances such as deforestation since the early 18th century, terracing and obstruction of ephemeral streams and cultivation of crops lacking capability to add root cohesion in steep slopes. The rivers of Kerala are small, in terms of length, breadth and water discharge. The climate is very warm here in this month. It is yearlong warm or hot. The latest among them was the 2019 Kerala floods. Wayanad and Kozhikode districts are prone to deep-seated landslides while Idukki and Kottayam are prone to shallow landslides. Southwest monsoon, from June to August, is the main rainy season. The characteristic pattern of this phenomenon is the swift and sudden downslope movement of highly water saturated overburden containing a varied assemblage of debris material ranging in size from soil particles to boulders, destroying and carrying with it every thing that is lying in its path. There are 44 rivers in Kerala, all but three originating in the Western Ghats. The highlands of Kerala, where the climate is cool throughout the year, winter temperatures often fall below 10°C. These include the eastern highlands (rugged and cool mountainous terrain), the central midlands (rolling hills), and the western lowlands (coastal plains). In Kerala, the climate is moderate the entire year. Increasing floodplain occupancy results in increasing flood damages. In Kerala, it looks like climate-change-induced floods are becoming an annual affair. As a result, Kerala averages some 120–140 rainy days per year. The coast located in the shadow zone with respect to the direction of propagation of the tsunami encountered unexpected devastation. During this season, the state witnesses the highest influx of tourists from almost all the corners of the globe. [4], Kerala has been experiencing increasing incidents of drought in the recent past due to the weather anomalies and developmental pressures resulting from the changes in land use, traditional practices, and life style of the people. Kerala (38,863 km2; 1.18% of India's landmass) is situated between the Arabian Sea to the west and the Western Ghats to the east. Forty-one of Kerala's forty-four rivers originate in this region, and the Cauvery River descends from there and drains eastwards into neighboring states. This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 21:01. With the advent of the monsoon rains, the entire of Kerala starts wearing a natural green shade and looks nothing short of a fantasy land! The Western Ghats is also responsible for the high and steady rainfall in Kerala. Starting from September, winters in Kerala lasts till the mid of March. 47'.40" N and east longitudes 74°.27'.47" E and 77°.37'.12" E. Kerala's climate is mainly wet and maritime tropical, heavily influenced by the seasonal heavy rains brought up by the monsoon. Climate and average weather for Cochin (Kerala), India displayed in graphs. Kerala Climate and Seasons | Kerala Tourism. The flood problems are likely to worsen with the continued floodplain occupancy and reclamation of water bodies and wetlands. Finally, Kerala's coastal belt is relatively flat, teeming with paddy fields, groves of coconut trees, and heavily crisscrossed by a network of interconnected canals and rivers. Severe drought conditions often result from the anomalies in monsoon rainfall combined with the various anthropogenic pressures. The west facing Western Ghats scarps that runs the entire extent of the mountain system is the most prone physiographic unit for landslides. The hilly areas experience cold climate whereas the plains and coastal areas have a warm climate. Two monsoon visit Kerala, bringing plenty of rain. For all those who are yearning for a Kerala trip, here is a seasonal breakdown of Kerala’s climate: The heart-warming beauty and charm of Kerala gets enchanted with the arrival of the winters! Geographically, Kerala roughly divides into three climatically distinct regions. With the implementation of a number of irrigation projects, the idea of drought in Kerala slowly shifted to unirrigated paddy, and upland crops. Losses to telephone communications, networked systems and electrical equipment are also very high. No matter which part of the state you visit during this season, you will always get to witness and enjoy the bountiful beauty of God’s Own Country between the months of June to August! Climate Stretching over a wide geographical scale and varied topography, India’s climate is diverse. As this tsunami is believed to be first of its kind to have significantly affected the Kerala coast, the post-tsunami field investigations and measurements would give valuable information on various changes brought by the tsunami. Further, the tsunami pounded 187 villages affecting nearly 250,000 persons in Kerala. This compares to the all-India average is 1,197 mm. Tel: +91-9958414244 Kerala's coast runs some 580 km in length, while the state itself varies between 35–120 km in width. Dued to the lesser rain the best time for traveling is from December to April. These scarp faces are characterised by thin soil (regolith) cover modified heavily by anthropogenic activity. As many as 6,280 dwelling units were completely destroyed, 11,175 were damaged and nearly 84,773 persons were evacuated from the coastal areas and accommodated in 142 relief camps after tsunami. Kerala receives an average annual rainfall of 3107 mm – some 7,030 crore m3 of water. During the summer, the state is prone to gale-force winds, storm surges, cyclone-related torrential downpours, occasional droughts, and rises in sea level. Here, rolling hills and shallow valleys fill a gentler landscape than the highlands. Kerala, India: Annual Weather Averages March is the hottest month in Kerala with an average temperature of 29°C (84°F) and the coldest is June at 27°C (81°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 9 in February. A number of extreme flood events occurred during the last century causing considerable damage to life and property highlight the necessity for proper flood management measures in the State. The water scarcity in summer is mainly reflected in dry rivers and lowering of water table. [4], The highlands of Kerala experience several types of landslides, of which debris flows are the most common. Majority of mass movements have occurred in hill slopes >20° along the Western Ghats scarps, the only exception being the coastal cliffs. Geographically Kerala is divided into three distinct climatic regions. Also, as the climate remains quiet, pleasant, and clear, visitors can enjoy the enchanting beauty of Kerala at its best during the winters. The records show that the months April, May, October and November have the highest lightning rates. It is estimated that about 26% of the total geographical area accommodating about 18% of the total population of the State is prone to floods. Kerala lies between northern latitude of 8°.17'.30" N and 12°. Kerala enjoys three major seasons – summer, monsoon and winter. Accidents caused by ground conduction from trees, which is a special feature of Kerala, add to the casualties and loss of property. There are 34 backwaters in Kerala Lake Vembanad—Kerala's largest body of water —dominates the backwaters; it lies between Alappuzha and Kochi and is over 200 km2 in area. In 2015–16 Although the tsunami affected parts of Kerala coast, maximum devastation was reported in the low coastal land of Kollam, Alappuzha and Ernakulam districts, particularly a strip of 10 km in Azhikkal, Kollam district. Most of the remainder are small and entirely fed by the Monsoons. High humidity and high temperatures are making the weather pleasant at times, but also and partly tropical hot and humid. Know about the Climate and Weather of Kerala Kerala the southern state of India experience equable climate all the year round.The state lies very close to the equator but lying close to the sea and the presence of the Western Ghats Lack of awareness also aggravates the situation. The events have become more destructive given the increasing vulnerability of population and property. Scientists blame climate change for this. Parts of Kerala's lowlands may average only 1250 mm annually while the cool mountainous eastern highlands of Idukki district – comprising Kerala's wettest region – receive in excess of 5,000 mm of orographic precipitation (4,200 crore of which are available for human use) annually. Of the fourteen districts, five have much higher rates than others. The rivers flow faster, owing to the hilly terrain and as the short distance between the Western Ghats and the sea. The Kerala State Action Plan on Climate Change was drafted by the Directorate of Environment and Climate Change (DoECC) with relevant departments, agencies and institutes providing inputs. All the rivers are entirely monsoon-fed and many of them shrink into rivulets or dry up completely during summer. Kerala is one of the warmest region in India with an average daily high temperature of 32 degrees centigrade. Kerala has been sweltering since the second week of February 2020, with temperatures 2-3 degrees Celsius ( C) above normal. Kerala climate guide Get the latest coronavirus (COVID-19) updates for India with current travel advice, statistics and online resources. Kerala's average maximum daily temperature is around 37 °C; the minimum is 19.8 °C. The State of Kerala experiences seasonal drought conditions every year during the summer months. Kerala's rains are mostly the result of seasonal monsoons. This varying effect along the coast could be attributed to local amplification of tsunami waves in certain regions. Kerala, which lies in the tropic region, is mostly subject to the type of humid tropical wet climate experienced by most of Earth's rainforests. The droughts have a large dimension of economic, environmental and social impacts. A study on the incidence of droughts based on the aridity index shows that during the period 1871– 2000, the State of Kerala experienced 66 drought years, out of which, twelve each were moderate and severe droughts. In summer, most of Kerala is prone to gale-force winds, storm surges, and torrential downpours accompanying dangerous cyclones coming in off the Indian Ocean. In Kerala, the climate is moderate the entire year. The most active time of the day is from 15:00 to 19:00. However, the shifting pattern of monsoon over the last decade is enough to prove the role of climate change in Kerala. Other factors include wrong landuse practices and mismanagement of the water resources and forests. If you are yearning for some of the most memorable, leisure, and fun-frolic moments, winter is the best time to plan a Kerala trip! People’s participation is key to building climate resilience – all mitigation and … For all those who are yearning for a Kerala trip, here is a seasonal breakdown of Kerala’s climate: Winter in Kerala – September to March: The heart-warming beauty and charm of Kerala gets enchanted with the arrival of the winters! It converts 50% of Kerala into highlands and is studded with more than 50 peaks above 5000 feet above Mean Sea Level. The changes in the land and water management practices affected the fresh water availability during summer months. Summer begins in March and ends in May, and winter begins around November and remains until February. Since the State has more of perennial plantation crops compared to other places of India, the effect of a drought year in Kerala continues to be felt for several more years after it has occurred. This adversely affects the rural and urban drinking water supply. 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